Powys County Archives Office
Montgomeryshire Quarter Sessions Records
Reference code(s): GB 0223 M/QS
Title: Montgomeryshire Quarter Sessions Records
Short title: Montgomeryshire Quarter Sessions records
Dates of creation: 1707-1971
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 3.88 cubic metres (194 boxes)
Name of creator(s): Montgomeryshire Court of Quarter Sessions
Administrative and biographical history: The Court of Quarter Sessions in Montgomeryshire sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. Quarter Sessions courts began in Wales after the Acts of Union, 1536-1543. The Quarter Sessions played a major role in the local administration of Montgomeryshire until the late nineteenth century, when many of its administrative functions were transferred to the County Council. The judicial role of the Courts continued until their abolition in 1971. The Court of Quarter Sessions heard a broad range of cases including burglary, assault, drunkenness, poaching, vagrancy, rioting, unlawful cutting of timber, and encroachment. Forms of punishment handed down by the justices were fines, flogging, imprisonment and transportation. The Court also heard disputes between individuals, such as non-payment of debts, and was responsible for the administration of the Poor Laws. There were numerous administrative matters overseen by the courts, including licensing alehouses, determining wage-levels, enclosure of commons, and controlling registration of charities and nonconformist meeting houses. In addition, the Court had responsibility for overseeing statutory undertakings and the upkeep of bridges, gaols and houses of correction.
Scope and content: Records of the Montgomeryshire Court of Quarter Sessions, 1707-1971, including session rolls, 1719-1971; order books, 1707-1963; draft order books, 1810-1818; minute books, 1848-1903; correspondence, 1916-1936; Commissions of the Peace, 1816-1845; Justices' qualification rolls, 1831-1901; Justices' oath books, 1902-1971; records of the Clerks of the Peace, 1801-1914; miscellaneous records of the court in session, 1817-1971; records relating to the maintenance of bridges, 1795-1889; records relating to the Montgomeryshire Constabulary, 1841-1879; gaol records, 1804-1971; records relating to the maintenance of roads, 1851-1889; records relating to lunacy, 1815-1885; miscellaneous administrative records, 1853-1889; general audit books, 1828-1891; Treasurer's general annual accounts, 1843-1889; Treasurer's quarterly accounts, 1829-1834; rates records, 1827-1919; miscellaneous financial records, 1816-1829; public enclosure awards, 1797-1828; private enclosure awards, 1810-1862; enclosure awards relating to Shropshire, 1789; records of elections, 1774-1888; oaths of allegiance rolls, 1755-1869; deposited plans of public undertakings, 1803-1920, including railways, 1844-1913, turnpike roads, 1803-1835, bridges, 1818-1835, and waterworks, 1863-1920; qualification rolls, 1760-1864; turnpike trust records, 1834-1879; licensing records, 1903-1934; printed material, 1786-1892; and miscellaneous papers, 1776-1925.
ACCESS AND USE
System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Sessions records; Administrative records; Financial records; Registered and deposited records; Justices; Clerks of the Peace; Sanitary authorities; Turnpike trusts; Montgomeryshire Infirmary; and Miscellaneous.
Conditions governing access: Powys Archive Office restrictions, relating to data protection, apply
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.
Finding aids: A hard copy is available at the Powys County Archives Service. The catalogue is available online.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records transferred to Powys County Archives Service have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Immediate source of acquisition: Transferred from The National Library of Wales in 1990
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Powys County Archives Service, Quarter Sessions Records catalogues; Hey, David, Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History, (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1997).
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH
Date(s) of description: March 2005