Powys County Archives Office
Radnorshire Quarter Sessions Records
Reference code(s): GB 0223 R/QS
Title: Radnorshire Quarter Sessions Records
Short title: Radnorshire Quarter Sessions, records
Dates of creation: 1753-1973
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 6.87 cubic metres
Name of creator(s): Radnorshire Court of Quarter Sessions
Administrative and biographical history: The Court of Quarter Sessions in Radnorshire sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. Quarter Sessions courts began in Wales after the Acts of Union, 1536-1543. The Quarter Sessions played a major role in the local administration of Radnorshire until the late nineteenth century, when many of its administrative functions were transferred to the County Council. However, the judicial role of the Courts continued until their abolition in 1971. The Court of Quarter Sessions heard a broad range of cases including burglary, assault, drunkenness, poaching, vagrancy, rioting, unlawful cutting of timber, and encroachment. Forms of punishment handed down by the justices were fines, flogging, imprisonment and transportation. The Court also heard disputes between individuals, such as non-payment of debts, and was responsible for the administration of the Poor Laws. There were numerous administrative matters overseen by the courts, including licensing alehouses, determining wage-levels and controlling registration of charities and nonconformist meeting houses. In addition, the Court had responsibility for overseeing the upkeep of bridges, gaols and houses of correction.
Scope and content: Records of the Radnorshire Court of Quarter Sessions, 1753-1973, including order books, 1771-1951; session files, 1753-1968; records relating to the maintenance of bridges, 1776-1885; records relating to the maintenance of roads, 1767-1898; police records, 1857-1889; gaol records, 1797-1898; court proceedings 1782-1838; railway and tramway records, 1818-1928; records relating to officer's appointments, 1761-1911; rates and taxation records, 1812-1929; financial records, 1753-1934; jury lists and related records, 1754-1949; records relating to lunacy, 1828-1928; records of elections, 1841-1926; records relating to friendly societies, 1787-1842; licensing records, 1815-1968; records relating to nonconformists, 1829-1830; annuity records, 1770-1787; militia records, 1822-1892; records relating to contagious animal diseases, 1883-1892; records of the Clerks of the Peace, 1809-1964; records relating to gamekeepers, 1835-1870; shrievalty records, 1898-1970; Treasurer's records, 1827-1889; enclosure awards, 1812-1885; Appeals Committee records, 1935-1973; miscellaneous correspondence, 1815-1889; and miscellaneous papers, 1756-1916.
ACCESS AND USE
System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: order books; rolls or files; and supplementary records.
Conditions governing access: Powys Archive Office restrictions, relating to data protection, apply
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.
Finding aids: A hard copy is available at the Powys County Archives Service.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Powys County Archives Service have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Immediate source of acquisition: Transfer from the National Library of Wales. Enclosure awards were transferred on behalf of the County Solicitor, 1985 and 1987.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Powys County Archives Service, Quarter Sessions Records catalogues; Hey, David, Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History, (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1997).
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH
Date(s) of description: March 2005