Powys County Archives Office
Knighton Poor Law Union Records
Reference code(s): GB 0223 R/G/A
Title: Knighton Poor Law Union Records
Short title: Knighton Poor Law Union records
Dates of creation: 1838-1941
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 0.14 cubic metres (7 boxes)
Name of creator(s): Knighton Poor Law Union
Administrative and biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions that were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Knighton Poor Law Union was formed in 1836 and operated in constituent parishes of Beguildy, Bleddfa, Heyop, Knighton, Llanbadarn Fynydd, Llanbister, Llanddewi Ystradenni, Llanfihangel Rhydithon, Llangynllo, Llananno and Stanage in Radnorshire, Adforton, Stanway, Paytoe and Grange, Brampton Bryan, Buckton and Coxwall, Walford, Letton and Newton in Herefordshire, Bedstone, Bettws-y-crwyn, Bucknell, Llanfair Waterdine, Stowe in Shropshire. The Knighton Union workhouse was built in Knighton in 1837. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929, Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, with responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.
Scope and content: Records of Knighton Poor Law Union, 1838-1941, including Clerk to the Guardians' records, 1838-1930, including minute books, 1901-1930, ledgers, 1922-1930, and agreements with other Poor Law unions, 1917-1928; Workhouse Master's records, 1892-1907; Relieving Officer's records, 1905-1941; appointments of District Medical Officers of Health, 1903-1906; Collector's records, 1879-1939; records of non-Poor Law duties, 1841-1929, including vaccination records, 1878-1921; and poor rates records, 1901-1929.
ACCESS AND USE
System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Clerk to the Guardians; Workhouse Master; Relieving Officer; District Medical Officer; Collector of the Guardians; and Non-Poor Law duties.
Conditions governing access: Powys Archive Office restrictions, relating to data protection, apply
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.
Finding aids: A hard copy is available at the Powys County Archives Service.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Powys County Archives Service have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Powys County Archives Service, Board of Guardians, Knighton Union, catalogue; The History of Poor Law website (http://users.ox.ac.uk/~peter/workhouse/unions.html), viewed 16 February 2005.
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH
Date(s) of description: February 2005