Powys County Archives Office
Reference code(s): GB 0223 B/D/ACA
Held at: Powys County Archives Service
Title: Abercamlais Collection
Short title: Abercamlais collection
Dates of creation: 1556-1840
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 0.2 cubic metres (8 boxes)
Name of creator(s): Abercamlais estate
Administrative and biographical history: Abercamlais was the home of a branch of the Williams family of Penpont, Brecknockshire. The mansion was built around 1600 by Thomas Williams ('Ficer Gwyn Llansbyddyd', d. 1613). It was rebuilt by his son, the Rev. Daniel Williams (d. 1643), vicar of Myddfai, Carmarthenshire. The present house was built either by Daniel Williams's grandson Thomas Williams (d. 1700) or, more probably, his great-grandson Rev. Thomas Williams (fl. 1708-69). The estate was inherited by Martha, daughter of John Williams (b. 1742) of Abercamlais, archdeacon of Cardigan, who married Richard Davies, archdeacon of Brecon. In 1827, their daughter, Elizabeth Davies, married Thomas Williams (1801-77) of Aberbrân, dean of Llandaff, the son of Robert Williams of Aberbrân and Annabelle his wife, the daughter of William Garnons, of Trelough, Herefordshire. In 1861 their son, the Rev. Garnons-Williams (1829-1908) inherited Abercamlais on the death of John Penry Williams without issue, founding the Garnons-Williams family of Abercamlais. Captain Neville Glennie Garnons-Williams held Abercamlais in 1972.
Scope and content: Deeds and documents relating to the Abercamlais estate, mainly in central and southern Brecknockshire, 1553-1820; letters, 1780-1840, to Richard Davies, archdeacon of Brecon, relating mainly to ecclesiastical matters such as church livings, St Davids cathedral, miscreant clergy and sick clergy, Church property, Church history and thought, the archdeaconry, the poor, the vicar of Brecon, and parliamentary elections in Brecknockshire, 1817-1820, including a number of letters from Thomas Burgess, bishop of St Davids, 1809-1814; and sermons of Archdeacon Davies.
ACCESS AND USE
System of arrangement: The original order has been retained. See archival history field.
Conditions governing access: No restrictions
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.
Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Powys County Archives Office, National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at the Powys County Archives Office have been retained
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Archival history: In about 1848 over 200 of the c. 700 items in the collection were formed into artificial bundles by reign (B/D/ACA/1), perhaps by Richard Davies, archdeacon of Brecon, 1805-1859. A second quantity of deeds were grouped according to sequences that corresponded to schedules now no longer extant.
Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Mrs S. Ballance, 14 May 1985 (Accession no. 135).
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Jones, S. R., and Smith, J. T., 'The houses of Breconshire, Part V', Brycheiniog, XIII (1968-9), Jones, E. P.,'Cartrefi enwogion sir Frycheiniog', Brycheiniog, XIII (1968/69), Powys County Archives Office, Catalogue of Abercamlais Collection.
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH
Date(s) of description: March 2002; amended July 2005