Powys County Archives Office
Montgomeryshire Hospital and Health Authority Records
Reference code(s): GB 0223 M/H
Title: Montgomeryshire Hospital and Health Authority Records
Short title: Montgomeryshire hospital and health authority records
Dates of creation: 1844-1974
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 0.18 cubic metres (9 boxes)
Name of creator(s): Montgomeryshire Insurance Committee; National Health Service. Montgomeryshire Executive Council; Newtown and Llanidloes Poor Law Union; Forden Poor Law Union; Llys Maldwyn Hospital
Administrative and biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions, which were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the Local Government Act 1929, Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948, following the creation of the National Health Service and other welfare provisions. Local Executive Councils, including Montgomeryshire Executive Council, were established which had responsibility for family practitioner services. These Councils dealt with family doctors, dentists and pharmaceutical arrangements in their area. They replaced Insurance Committees, established after the National Insurance Act 1911, which used revenue from those in employment to fund medical services, provided by a Panel Committee. In 1974, the Powys Area Health Authority was established and took responsibility for healthcare provision in Montgomeryshire. The Newtown and Llanidloes Union had been formed in 1837 of 17 constituent parishes; a workhouse was erected at Caersws in 1840. After the closure of the workhouse, the site became Llys Maldwyn Hospital, initially operating as a children's hospital and caring for patients with learning difficulties; it closed in 1999. The Forden Poor Law Union was established in 1870, and included constituent parishes in Montgomeryshire and Shropshire; Aston, Berriew, Brompton and Rhiston, Castell Caereinion, Castlewright, Chirbury, Church Stoke, Cletterwood, Cyfronydd, Forden, Hope, Leighton, Llandysul, Llanmerewig, Middletown, Montgomery, Trewern, Trelystan, Uppington, Welshpool and Worthen. Later additions to the Union included Alberbury, Buttington and Guilsfield. The workhouse later became Brynhyfryd Hospital, caring mostly for elderly patients.
Scope and content: Records of hospitals, health authorities, and Poor Law unions in Montgomeryshire, 1844-1974, including Montgomeryshire Insurance Committee records, 1912-1948; National Health Service, Montgomeryshire Executive Council and Powys Area Health Authority records, 1947-1984; Montgomeryshire Panel Committee and Local Medical Committee minutes, 1921-1974; Newtown and Llanidloes Poor Law Union, Caersws Workhouse records, 1844-1946, including admission and discharge registers, 1844-1944; casual admission and discharge registers, 1926-1941; religious creed registers, 1861-1933; births register, 1916-1946; and miscellaneous papers, 1882-1942; Llys Maldwyn Hospital records, 1935-1950; and records of Forden Poor Law Union, 1918-1950.
ACCESS AND USE
System of arrangement: Arranged into four groups by deposit: Group One, Montgomeryshire Executive Council and Montgomeryshire Insurance Committee records; Group Two, Montgomeryshire Panel Committee and Local Medical Committee minutes; Group Three, Newtown and Llanidloes Poor Law Union, Caerswys Workhouse records; and Group Four, Llys Maldwyn Hospital and Forden Poor Law Union records.
Conditions governing access: Powys Archive Office restrictions, relating to data protection, apply
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.
Finding aids: A hard copy is available at the Powys County Archives Service.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records transferred to Powys County Archives Service have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Archival history: The records came into the possession of Powys Family Practitioner Committee, Mr Tudor Howell, and Talgarth Hospital.
Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Powys Family Practitioner Committee, 1985; Mr Tudor Howell, Trefeglwys, Powys, 1990; and Talgarth Hospital, per Brecknock Museum.
Related units of description: The main archive of Forden Poor Law Union is Powys County Archives Service, M/G/F.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Powys County Archives Service, Montgomeryshire Hospitals and Health Authorities, catalogues; GENUKI website (http://www.genuki.org.uk), viewed 10 February 2005; Workhouse website (http://users.ox.ac.uk), viewed 10 February 2005
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH
Date(s) of description: February 2005