Gwynedd Archives: Caernarfon Record Office

Pwllheli Union Records

Reference code(s): GB 0219 XG/1/

Held at:

Title: Pwllheli Union Records

Short title: Pwllheli Union records

Dates of creation: 1837-1948

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: Information to be supplied

Name of creator(s): Pwllheli Poor Law Union; Caernarfonshire County Council, Public Assistance Committee


Administrative and biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions which were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. The Pwllheli Union was formed in 1837 and operated in 32 constituent parishes in Caernarfonshire; Aberdaron, Abererch, Bodferin, Buan, Botwnog, Bryncroes, Carngiwch, Ceidio, Criccieth, Deneio, Edern, Llanaelhaearn, Llanarmon, Llanbedrog, Llandegwning, Llandudwen, Llanengan, Llanfaelrhys, Llanfihangel Bachellaeth, Llangian, Llangwnnadl, Llangybi, Llaniestyn, Llannor, Llanystumdwy, Mellteyrn, Nefyn, Penllech, Penrhos, Pistyll, Rhiw and Tudweiliog. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929, Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.


Scope and content: Records of the Pwllheli Union, 1837-1948, including minute books, 1837-1930; committee minute books, 1878-1933; letter books, 1849-1878; general administration records, 1837-1940; ledgers, 1892-1930; Collector's records, 1899-1939; accounts, 1898-1945; workhouse registers and general records, 1853-1948; Porter's books, 1915-1931; Master's day books, 1919-1930; records relating to lunacy, 1859-1908; outdoor relief records, 1885-1919; vaccination records, 1867-1944; Medical Officer's records, 1911-1943; Rural Sanitary Authority minute book, 1872-1893.


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Administration; Finance; Workhouse; Outdoor relief; Vaccination; General medical care; Registration; Rural Sanitary Authority.

Conditions governing access: Medical records are not accessible until 100 years after closure.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available in Caernarfon Record Office and the National Library of Wales. The catalogue is available online.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Caernarfon Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded


Related units of description: Further records are Caernarfon Record Office, XB12/1/1.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Caernarfon Record Office, Records of Pwllheli Poor Law Union and Board of Guardians, catalogue; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 20 September 2004.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of description: September 2004



Poor laws | Wales | Gwynedd | Administration

Pwllheli Poor Law Union | Records and correspondence

Personal names

Corporate names

Caernarvonshire (Wales) | County Council. | Public Assistance Committee

Pwllheli Poor Law Union