Gwynedd Archives: Caernarfon Record Office

Ernest Roberts Papers and Photographs

Reference code(s): GB 0219 XM124, XM235, XM473, XM1233, XM2175, XM2424, XM2810; XS/129, XS471, XS850, XS1284, XS1324, XS1382, XS1423, XS1744; XM/Maps/124

Held at:

Title: Ernest Roberts Papers and Photographs

Short title: Roberts, Ernest, papers and photographs

Dates of creation: 1719-1970 (mainly 1820-1970)

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: To be supplied

Name of creator(s): Ernest Roberts (b. c. 1900)


Administrative and biographical history: Ernest Roberts (b. c. 1900) of Bethesda, Caernarfonshire, attended Cefnfaes New School and served in the Royal Air Force in France, 1918. He collected papers and photographs relating to the history of Llandygai and Bethesda, particularly concerning the slate industry, Penrhyn Quarry and the lockout of 1900-1904. Hugh Pritchard of Llandygai, Caernarfonshire, his wife Ellin (Helen) Hughes, and their five children were killed by a landslide in Twynholm, Kirkcudbrightshire, in 1816. Pritchard was a possible inspiration for the character of Wandering Willie in Sir Walter Scott's novel Redgauntlet (1832).


Scope and content: Papers and photographs, 1719-1970, collected by Ernest Roberts, relating mainly to the Bethesda area, including printed material and miscellaneous items relating to the National Eisteddfod and Penrhyn Quarry, 1875-1943; a road map by Thomas Gardner, 1719; records of George Hotel, Bangor, 1866-1872; Bethesda Independent Chapel copy deeds, 1820-1887; copy plans (originals 1768) of the Penrhyn estate, 1944; correspondence, photographs and other items relating to Hugh Pritchard and Ellin Hughes, 1946-1957; testimonials of W. J. Williams, MA, [c. 1898]; photographs, 1875-1953, of the slate industry, Penrhyn Quarry and Bethesda characters; other items relating to the Bethesda area, 1863-1970.


Language/script: English, Welsh

System of arrangement: Arranged according to accession order.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Caernarfon Record Office and the National Library of Wales.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected



Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Rhys Jones for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Caernarfon Record Office, Rhestr Byr o Bapurau a Ffotograffau Mr Ernest Roberts/A Handlist of Papers and Photographs deposited by Mr Ernest Roberts; Old Kirkcudbright website (, viewed 16 September 2004.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of description: September 2004



Bethesda (Gwynedd, Wales)

Caernarvonshire (Wales) | Photographs

Eisteddfodau | Wales

Pritchard, Hugh, | d. 1816

Quarries and quarrying | Wales | Gwynedd | Photographs

Slate industry | Wales | Caernarvonshire

Personal names

Roberts, Ernest, 1898-1988, of Bethesda (Gwynedd)

Corporate names

Penrhyn Quarry