Gwynedd Archives: Caernarfon Record Office
Records and Papers of the Borough of Caernarfon
Reference code(s): GB 0219 XD/1
Title: Records and Papers of the Borough of Caernarfon
Short title: Borough of Caernarfon, records and papers
Dates of creation: 1468-1974
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: To be supplied
Name of creator(s): Caernarfon Borough
Administrative and biographical history: The Borough of Caernarfon was awarded its Charter of Incorporation by Edward I in 1284, following his conquest of Gwynedd. The Corporation thus formed remained largely unchanged until 1835, comprising a mayor (in practice the constable of Caernarfon Castle, appointed by the Crown), bailiffs, recorder and constables. During the early 19th century, the Corporation began to make some improvements to the town's infrastructure, including the introduction of a water supply and gas. The Municipal Corporations Act 1835 resulted in the borough being reconstituted. It was subsequently run by a town council, including a Mayor and Aldermen, elected by the ratepayers. The Council also employed officials such as a Clerk, Treasurer and Surveyor. Caernarfon Borough Council was eventually abolished following local government reorganisation in 1974, with its responsibilities being assumed by the new Arfon District Council.
Scope and content: Records relating to the Borough of Caernarfon, 1468-1974, including charters, 1468-1577; court records, 1684-1835; burgess rolls, 1757-1837; financial records, 1781-1835; legal papers, 1732, 1820-1823; records relating to properties and amenities, 1728-1844; papers relating to Parliamentary elections, 1766-1845; petitions, 1708-1821; council, committee and other minutes, 1860-1974; rate books, 1862-1967; Town Clerk's records, 1835-1972; records of the Borough Treasurer, 1837-1974, including correspondence, financial records and mortgages; records of the Borough Engineer and Surveyor, 1775-1972, including deeds, 1775-1923, and correspondence, 1871-1929; records relating to public health, sanitation and regulation of nuisances, 1872-1960; Caernarfon and Anglesey ferry committee records, 1888-1939; records relating to amenities such as the market, fire brigade and gas supply, 1868-1942; records relating to wartime matters, 1911-1950; records relating to the 1911 and 1969 Investitures and other ceremonial occasions, -1973, including tape recordings, 1950-1973; maps and plans, 1885-1971; records relating to other local authorities, bodies and societies, 1616-1944; and museum objects, [18th century]-1905.
ACCESS AND USE
Language/script: English, Welsh, Latin
System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: records of the pre-1835 Borough of Caernarfon; records of the Borough, as reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835; and records of miscellaneous or uncertain provenance.
Conditions governing access: No restrictions
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply
Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Caernarfon Record Office, the National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives. The catalogue is available online.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Archival history: During the Second World War, the Council submitted many papers for salvage. Kenrick Evans, local historian, sorted through this material and retained many important items.
Related units of description: Pictorial materials deposited by the Town Council are Caernarfon Record Office, XS/1525. Further Town Council records, including minutes, 1835-1864, are in Caernarfon Record Office, XD11.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds. The archive contains earlier records accumulated by the reconstituted Town Council.
Archivist's note: Compiled by Rhys Jones for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Caernarfon Record Office, Cofnodion a Phapurau Bwrdeisdref Caernarfon/Records and Papers of the Borough of Caernarfon, catalogue; Dodd, A. H., A History of Caernarvonshire (Wrexham, 1990).
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH
Date(s) of description: July 2004