West Glamorgan Archive Service
St John-juxta-Swansea Parish Records
Reference code(s): GB 0216 P 106
Title: St John-juxta-Swansea Parish Records
Short title: St John-juxta-Swansea parish records
Dates of creation: 1852-[late 20th century]
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: (77 vols, 2 files)
Name of creator(s): St John-juxta-Swansea Civil Parish
Administrative and biographical history: During the late Middle Ages the parish became increasingly important as a unit of civil administration. From the 16th century unpaid parish officers were responsible for keeping the peace, repairing roads and assisting the poor, by means of a rate levied on the inhabitants of the parish. Civil parish councils were established by the Local Government Act 1894, taking over responsibilities from parish vestry meetings. The parish of St John-juxta-Swansea was in the county of Glamorgan, until local government reorganisation in 1974, when it became part of West Glamorgan. Tithes were originally payments in kind to the church; by the 19th century, these payments were often commuted to money. In 1836 the Tithe Commission was established to create a new system of rent charges based on landowning in the parish, and between 1836 and 1852 appointed surveyors to make large-scale maps and schedules that listed all landowners and tenants and field-names in a parish, as well as the land-use of each field.
Scope and content: Records relating to the parish of St John-juxta-Swansea, 1852-[late 20th century], including poor rate books, 1852-1905; photocopy [late 20th century] of tithe plan and apportionment, 1844.
ACCESS AND USE
System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Poor rate books; Tithe plan and apportionment.
Conditions governing access: No restrictions
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.
Finding aids: A hard copy is available at the West Glamorgan Archive Service.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at West Glamorgan Archive Service have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Immediate source of acquisition: It is the policy of the West Glamorgan Archive Service to withhold the names of depositors.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used to compile this description: West Glamorgan Archive Service, St John-juxta-Swansea, catalogue; Hey, David, Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History, (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1997).
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH
Date(s) of description: November 2005