West Glamorgan Archive Service
Swansea and Mumbles Railway Records
Reference code(s): GB 0216 DD SB9
Title: Swansea and Mumbles Railway Records
Short title: Swansea and Mumbles Railway records
Dates of creation: 1804-1961
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 1.8 linear metres
Name of creator(s): Swansea and Mumbles Railway Company; Oystermouth Railway and Tramroad Company; Mumbles Railway and Pier Company; South Wales Transport Company; Swansea Improvements and Tramways Company
Administrative and biographical history: The Swansea and Mumbles railway ran from Swansea to Mumbles, Glamorgan. In 1804 the Oystermouth Railway and Tramroad Company was incorporated and work began on building the line. In 1806 goods traffic began to pass over the line in wagons pulled by horses. The main cargo was limestone at this stage. However, as Mumbles began to lose its industrial character and started to develop as a tourist resort, freight lessened and in 1807 the line became unique as providing the first regular rail passenger service in the world. In 1874 the Swansea Improvements and Tramways Company (SITC) was incorporated and was given the powers to work over the Mumbles railway system. In 1877 the SITC began to operate services on the line in competition to those already provided by the railway owners. In 1879 the owners became a limited company called the Swansea and Mumbles Railway Company Limited (SMRC). The Mumbles Railway and Pier Company was incorporated in 1889 in order to extend the railway from Oystermouth to Mumbles Head and to construct a pier at the head. The new line and pier were opened in 1898. In 1896 agreement was reached between the SMRC and the SITC with the SITC stopping running services on the line in return for certain payments from the SMRC. In 1899 the Railway and Pier undertakings of the SMRC and the Mumbles Railway and Pier Company were leased to the SITC. Between 1877 and 1929 steam passenger services ran on the line replacing the earlier horse-drawn wagons. In 1929 the line was electrified. In 1927 the SITC transferred its interest in the Swansea and Mumbles Railway to its associate, the South Wales Transport Company Limited. The line closed in 1960.
Scope and content: Records of the Swansea and Mumbles Railway Company and related bodies, 1804-1961, including shares records, 1808-1946; agendas, 1937-1938; minutes, 1894-1899; financial records, 1897-1958; deeds, mainly relating to land in Swansea and Oystermouth, 1841-1945; director's reports, 1892-1958; correspondence, 1881-1961; plans, 1877-1936; parliamentary legislation, 1804-1955; postcards and photographs, 1898-[late 1930s, early 1940s]; newspaper cuttings, 1897-1958; timetables, 1916-1935; souvenir booklets, 1904-1928; Swansea main drainage scheme records, 1931-1934; records relating to professional charges, 1927-1939; Bills and related records, 1874-1938.
ACCESS AND USE
System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Company formation; Share ownership; Agendas; Directors; Financial records; Deeds; Correspondence; Plans; Parliamentary legislation; Photographs, postcards; Newspapers; Timetables; Souvenir booklets; Ministry of Transport railway returns; Swansea main drainage scheme; Professional charges; South West England and South Wales electricity scheme 1930; National defence contribution; Railway electrification; Refreshment house on Mumbles Pier; Season ticket; Appointment of new trustees; Court of Railway and Canal Commission; Statement of compensation; Swansea Improvements and Tramways Bill, 1874; Disputes between the Swansea Improvements and Tramways Company and the Swansea and Mumbles Railway Co. Ltd., 1880 and 1895-1896; Swansea and Mumbles Railway Bill, 1880; Swansea, Oystermouth and Mumbles Railway Bill, 1882; The Mumbles Railway and Pier Bill, 1889; Mumbles Railway and Pier Act 1892; Mumbles Railway and Pier Act 1897; The Swansea Improvements and Tramways Bill, 1897; The Mumbles Railway and Pier Bill, 1898; Documents relating to a case in Chancery, the matter of the Mumbles Railway and Pier Bill 1898; Documents relating to a case in chancery, the matter of the reduction of the capital of the Mumbles Railway, 1898-1899; Oystermouth Railway or Tramroad Act 1899; Swansea Corporation Act 1912; Swansea Corporation Act 1920; Great Western Railway (Swansea North Dock Abandonment) Bill 1928; Swansea and District Transport Act, 1936; Mumbles Pier Act, 1938-1939; Local Enquiry at the Guildhall, Swansea, 1946; Agreements and leases; Memorandum of association; Papers relating to shares; Directors' reports and statements of accounts; Minutes of meetings; Travel pass; Newspaper cuttings; Correspondence files; Bills; Plans; Legal records: Acts of Parliament and title deeds; Papers relating to shares; Directors' report and statement of accounts; Correspondence files; Newspapers - South Wales Evening Post
Conditions governing access: No restrictions
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.
Finding aids: A hard copy is available at the West Glamorgan Archive Service and the National Register of Archives.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at West Glamorgan Archive Service have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Immediate source of acquisition: It is the policy of the West Glamorgan Archive Service to withhold the names of depositors.
Related units of description: Further records of the Swansea and Mumbles Railway are University of Wales, Swansea, Mumbles Railway.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: West Glamorgan Archive Service, Mumbles Railway Papers, catalogue; Archives Hub, Mumbles Railway (http://www.archiveshub.ac.uk/news/0406mumb.html), viewed 29 July 2005.
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH
Date(s) of description: July 2005