West Glamorgan Archive Service

Tennant Estate Papers

Reference code(s): GB 0216 DD T

Held at: West Glamorgan Archive Service

Title: Tennant Estate Papers

Short title: Tennant Estate papers

Dates of creation: 1803-1938

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: 54 linear metres

Name of creator(s): Tennant family


Administrative and biographical history: The Tennant connection with South Wales began early in the 19th century with George, third son of John Tennant, a lawyer from Wigan, Lancashire. George had established himself as a lawyer in London, but in 1816 purchased the Rhydding estate from the Earl of Jersey who had recently inherited the Briton Ferry Estate. Shortly afterwards he also bought the Cadoxton Lodge estate. His main interests were not in landowning, however, but in the construction of the Tennant Canal, which ran from Swansea to Aberdulais, and linked the rivers Tawe and Neath. It was opened in May 1824. The estate passed to George's second son Charles (1796-1873), then to his only son Charles (1852-1928), who married Winifred Pearce-Serocold. Charles inherited an estate in Devon from his godfather, and subsequently added Coombe to his name to become Coombe-Tennant. The estate was inherited by his second son Alexander (1909-). Cadoxton Lodge was sold in 1963 and demolished in 1966.


Scope and content: Deeds of the estates of Rhydding and Cadoxton Lodge, Glamorgan, 1751-1913; estate management papers including rentals, 1814-1919; accounts, 1819-1938; tithe records, 1845-1924; correspondence, 1840-1920; records of industrial undertakings including canals, collieries, copper works and quarries, 19-20 cent.; estate notebooks, 1815-1919, including much information on the estate's potential for industrial development; family papers and personal correspondence, including papers of the following: George Tennant (1765-1832); Gertrude Tennant (1820-1918); Jeremiah Richardson (1822-1906); George Pearce Serocold (1828-1912); Sir Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904), the famous African explorer; Alice Tennant (1848-1930); Charles Coombe-Tennant (1852-1928); Dorothy Tennant (1855-1926); Winifred Coombe-Tennant (1874-1956).


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: deeds and leases; estate management papers; industrial papers and plans; and personal papers

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at West Glamorgan Archive Service and the National Register of Archives.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at West Glamorgan Archive Service have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected.

Immediate source of acquisition: It is the policy of the West Glamorgan Archive Service to withhold the names of depositors.



Publication note: Tucker, Keith, Chronicle of Cadoxton (Neath, 1994); Tucker, Keith, The Tennant family, vol. I: a scratch in Glamorganshire, George Tennant, 1765-1832 (Neath, 1998).

Archivist's note: Compiled by Andrew Dulley of West Glamorgan Archive Service. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: West Glamorgan Archive Service, Schedule of Tennant Estate Papers.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of description: April 2002



Canals | Wales | Glamorgan

Coal mines and mining | Wales | Glamorgan

Copper mines and mining | Wales | Glamorgan

Correspondence | Wales | Glamorgan

Deeds | Wales | Glamorgan

Estate administration | Wales | Glamorgan

Quarries and quarrying | Wales | Glamorgan

Tennant Estate of Glamorgan | Records and correspondence

Personal names

Coombe-Tennant, Charles, 1852-1928

Pearce-Serocold, George Edward, 1828-1912

Richardson, Jeremiah, 1822-1906

Roberts, William, 1830-1886

Stanley, Dorothy, d. 1926, Lady

Stanley, Henry Morton, 1841-1904

Tennant, Alice, 1848-1930

Tennant, George, 1765-1832

Tennant, Gertrude, 1820-1918

Corporate names

Cadoxton Lodge Estate (Wales)

Rhydding Estate (Wales)