West Glamorgan Archive Service

Vivian Estate at Hafod in the parish of St John-juxta-Swansea

Reference code(s): GB 0216 DD Vi 2

Held at:

Title: Vivian Estate at Hafod in the parish of St John-juxta-Swansea

Short title: Vivian Estate of St John-juxta-Swansea, Hafod deeds

Dates of creation: 1857-1970

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: 0.84 linear metres/0.026 cubic metres

Name of creator(s): The Vivian family of St John-juxta-Swansea, Hafod and their agents


Administrative and biographical history: Originally from Truro in Cornwall, John Henry Vivian (1785-1855) came to South Wales to exploit the new opportunities for smelting copper using local coal. His first venture was at Penclawdd in 1800, then later established the 'Vivian and Sons', and built the Hafod Smelting Works in 1809. The Hafod district was first leased then purchased from the Briton Ferry Estate. Henry Hussey Vivian (1821-1894) of Parc Wern, the first baron Swansea, was his eldest son.


Scope and content: Building leases of lands in the parish of St John-juxta-Swansea 1857-1970


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged in date order.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at West Glamorgan Archive Service and the National Register of Archives
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records transferred to the West Glamorgan Archive Service have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected.

Immediate source of acquisition: It is the policy of the West Glamorgan Archive Service to withhold the names of depositors.


Related units of description: Other collections relating to the Vivian family include the following: Singleton Abbey Collection (financial estate records), the Graham Vivian Collection (title deeds and other papers relating to the Woodlands Castle Estate) and the Hugh Vivian Collection (industrial and technical papers relating to the copper industry), all at the Swansea University Archives


Publication note: Griffiths, Ralph A., Clyne Castle, Swansea (Swansea, 1977) and Singleton Abbey and the Vivians of Singleton (Llandyssul, 1988); Griffiths, Ralph A. (ed.) The City of Swansea, challenges and change (Stroud, 1990) and Williams, Sir G. (ed.), Swansea, an illustrated history (Llandybie, 1990)

Note: Title from content of fonds.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Seri Crawley for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: West Glamorgan Archive Service, Deeds of the Vivian Estate at Hafod in the parish of St John-juxta-Swansea; Collis, Kim, The West Glamorgan Archive Service: A Guide to the Collections (West Glamorgan Archive Service, 1998); Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County families of Wales(London, 1872); Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH.

Date(s) of description: April 2005.



Deeds | Wales | Swansea

Vivian Estate (Swansea, Wales) | Records and correspondence

Personal names

Vivian, H. Hussey (Henry Hussey), 1821-1894, Lord Swansea

Corporate names

Vivian Estate (Swansea, Wales)

Vivian and Sons (Firm)