Denbighshire Record Office

Conway Union Records

Reference code(s): GB 0209 GD/D

Held at:

Title: Conway Union Records

Short title: Conway Poor Law Union, records

Dates of creation: 1867-1929

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: 0.684 cubic metres (36 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Conway Poor Law Union; Colwyn Bay and Colwyn Urban District Council; Conway Rural Sanitary Authority


Administrative and biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions which were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Conway Poor Law Union was formed in 1837; its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, representing its constituent parishes of Caerhun, Conway, Dolgarrog, Dwygyfylchi, Llanrhos, Y Gyffin, Llanbedr-y-cennin, Llandudno, Llangelynnin, Llangystennin, and Llysfaen, in Caernarfonshire, and Llandrillo-yn-Rhos, Llanelian-yn-Rhos and Llansanffraid, in Denbighshire, and Eirias in Caernarfonshire and Denbighshire. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the Local Government Act 1929, Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948; responsibility for rating passed to Colwyn Bay and Colwyn Urban District Council. Conway Rural Sanitary Authority was created in 1877, covering the same area as the Poor Law Union.


Scope and content: Records of the Conway Union, 1867-1929, including rate books, 1867-1926; valuation lists, 1901-1929; and Conway Rural Sanitary Authority records, 1877-1921.


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: rate books; valuation lists; and Conway Rural Sanitary Authority.

Conditions governing access: Access to some documents within this collection may be restricted due to Data Protection legislation. Please contact Denbighshire Record Office for further information.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Denbighshire Record Office.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Denbighshire Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by the Chief Executive, Colwyn Borough Council, Colwyn Bay, Clwyd, 1982.


Related units of description: The majoirty of material relating to Conway Union is Conwy archives Service, CG3.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Denbighshire Record Office, Catalogue, Conway Union records; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 29 March 2004.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of description: March 2004



Conway Union | Board of Guardians | Archives

Poor laws | Wales | Conwy | Administration

Poor laws | Wales | Denbighshire | Administration

Poor laws | Wales | Gwynedd | Administration

Personal names

Corporate names

Conway Union | Board of Guardians

Conwy (Wales) | Rural Sanitary Authority