Denbighshire Record Office

Wrexham Union Records

Reference code(s): GB 0209 GD/C

Held at:

Title: Wrexham Union Records

Short title: Wrexham Poor Law Union, records

Dates of creation: 1838-1948

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: 1.824 cubic metres (100 boxes, plus outsize volumes)

Name of creator(s): Wrexham Poor Law Union; Wrexham Rural Sanitary Authority


Administrative and biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions which were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Wrexham Poor Law Union was formed in 1837; its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, representing its constituent parishes: Abenbury Fawr, Acton, Allington, Bersham, Bieston, Borras Hwfa, Borras Riffri, Broughton, Brymbo, Burton, Cacadutton, Dutton-y-brain, Dutton Diffaith, Erlas, Erddig, Esclusham Above, Esclusham Below, Erbistock, Eyton, Gourton, Gwersyllt, Gresford, Holt, Llay, Marchwiail, Minera, Pickhill, Ridley, Royton, Ruabon, Seswick, Stansty, Sutton, Wrexham Abbot and Wrexham Regis, in Denbighshire, Abenbury Fechan (transferred to Denbighshire in 1884), Bangor, Hope, Marford and Hosely, Treuddyn and Worthenbury, in Flintshire, and Agden, Bradley, Chorlton, Cuddington, Malpas, Oldcastle, Overton, Shocklach Church, Shocklach Oviatt, Stockton, Wigland and Wychough, Cheshire. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929, Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.


Scope and content: Records of the Wrexham Poor Law Union, 1838-1948, including Records of the Board of Guardians and its officers (lists of guardians and officers, 1877-1929; minutes of the board, 1840-1930; correspondence, 1879-1881; relieving officers' records, 1921-1926; records of the rating officer of Gwersyllt, 1913); Financial records (general ledgers, 1848-1929; treasurers' accounts, 1863-1930; parochial ledgers, 1837-1927; overseers' records, 1895-1927, collectors' monthly statements, 1895-1927); Staff records (superannuation registers, 1857-1934; registers of staff salaries, 1910-1930; wage accounts and receipt books, 1905-1936) ; Workhouse records (workhouse masters' reports, 1898-1930; medical officer records, 1912-1948; Vaccination officer records, 1908-1948; Admission and discharge registers, 1890-1930; registers of inmates, 1892-1929; registers of deaths, 1914-1933; registers of births and deaths, 1886-1914; maternity registers, 1912-1946; Registers of children under control of Guardians, 1891-1941; registers of children apprenticed, 1866-1947; records of children boarded out, 1871-1945; records of the officer in charge of the children's home, 1914-1945; lunacy examination books, 1914-1917; family case papers, 1904-1920; Wrexham rural Sanitary Authority (1872-1895) and Miscellaneous records (1904-1928).


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Records of the Board of Guardians and its officers; Financial records; Staff records; Workhouse records; Wrexham rural Sanitary Authority and Miscellaneous records.

Conditions governing access: Access to some documents within this collection will be restricted due to Data Protection legislation. Please contact Denbighshire Record Office for further information.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Denbighshire Record Office.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Denbighshire Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by the Clerk to Wrexham Rural District Council; Clwyd County Council Social Services Dept.; Mr G. G. Crowe, Maelor General Hospital, Wrexham, Clwyd; B. J. Ballard, Assistant Hospital Administrator, Maelor General Hospital, 1987; Chief Finance Officer, Clwyd Health Authority, Wrexham, Clwyd, 1981; G. Jackson, Marchwiel, Clwyd, 1986.



Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds. Some material post-dates the transfer of the Union's duties to the County Council.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Denbighshire Record Office, Catalogue, Wrexham Union records; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 29 March 2004. Later added to by Sarah Winning, Archivist, Denbighshire Record Office.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of description: March 2004



Poor laws | Wales | Denbighshire | Administration

Wrexham Poor Law Union | Records and correspondence

Personal names

Corporate names

Wrexham (Wales) | Rural Sanitary Authority

Wrexham Poor Law Union