Denbighshire Record Office

Llanrwst Union Records

Reference code(s): GB 0209 GD/A

Held at:

Title: Llanrwst Union Records

Short title: Llanrwst Poor Law Union records

Dates of creation: 1837-1903

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: 0.988 cubic metres (52 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Llanrwst Poor Law Union; Llanrwst Rural Sanitary Authority


Administrative and biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions which were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Llanrwst Poor Law Union was formed in 1837; its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, representing its constituent parishes: Eglwys-bach, Gwernhywel, Gwytherin, Llanddoged, Llangernyw, Llanrwst, Pentrefoelas, Tir Ifan, and Tre-brys, in Denbighshire, and Betws-y-Coed, Dolwyddelan, Eidda, Gwydir, Llanrhychwyn, Maenan, Penmachno, and Trefriw, in Caernarfonshire. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929, Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948. Llanrwst Rural Sanitary Authority was established in 1872 to provide water and sewage services; in 1894 its functions were transferred to Llanrwst Rural District Council.


Scope and content: Records of the Llanrwst Union, 1837-1930, including minute books, 1837-1930; general ledgers, 1859-1925; parochial ledgers, 1837-1929; general, parochial and non-settled poor ledgers, 1848-1860; correspondence, 1904-1912; letter books, 1866-1924; treasurers' account books, 1838-1904; rate books, 1878-1922; and valuation lists, 1903-1927; Llanrwst Sanitary Authority records, 1872-1894, including minutes, 1872-1894; general ledgers, 1873-1894; and parochial ledgers, 1873-1891.


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into: minute books, ledgers, correspondence, and treasurers' account books, rating officers' records and sanitation records

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Denbighshire Record Office.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Denbighshire Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Immediate source of acquisition: Llanrwst Rating Officer's and Rural Sanitary Authority records deposited by the Chief Executive, Colwyn Borough Council, Colwyn Bay, Clwyd, 1982; and Mr D. B. Francis, Llanrwst, per Gwynedd Archives Service, Dolgellau, 1987.



Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Denbighshire Record Office, Catalogue, Llanrwst Union records; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 26 March 2004.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of description: March 2004



Llanrwst Poor Law Union | Records and correspondence

Poor laws | Wales | Denbighshire | Administration

Personal names

Corporate names

Llanrwst (Wales) | Local Sanitary Authority

Llanrwst Poor Law Union