Denbighshire Record Office

Pen-y-lan MSS

Reference code(s): GB 0209 DD/PL

Held at: Denbighshire Record Office

Title: Pen-y-lan MSS

Short title: Pen-y-lan manuscripts

Dates of creation: 1679-1968

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: 0.594 cubic metres (22 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Pen-y-lan estate


Administrative and biographical history: Pen-y-lan was most probably built by Ellis Lloyd of Leighton Knole, Shropshire, in about 1690, on the site of an earlier farmhouse. He had come into possession of the estate through his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Edward ap William ap John ap David. Ellis Lloyd died without issue in 1712, bequeathing the estate to his great-nephew, Eubule Williams, on condition that he changed his name to Lloyd. Both Eubule's children died before him so that the estate reverted to his brother Edward, who on inheriting the estate also changed his name from Williams to Lloyd. Edward's only daughter, Mary, married Roger Kenyon of Cefn and died in 1781. In accordance with the will of Ellis Lloyd, Pen-y-lan passed to his only surviving relative, his great-niece, Ann Lloyd. On her death in 1784 she bequeathed the estate to Edward Lloyd of Shrewsbury, who in his will directed his trustees to sell the estate, who sold it to Roger Keynon of Cefn Park, Wrexham, and brother of Lloyd, 1st Lord Kenyon of Gredington, Flintshire, in 1792. Roger's eldest child, Edward Kenyon, succeeded his father to the Pen-y-lan estate in 1796, changing his name to Edward Lloyd Kenyon at the same time. Subsequently he altered his name to Edward Lloyd Williams. He died in 1837 without issue, leaving his nephew, Edward Lloyd Kenyon as heir to the estate. At his death in 1843 his only child and heiress, Louisa Mary Beaumont Kenyon, was only four years old and the estate was held for her by trustees. In 1854 the trustees sold the greater part of the estate to James Hardcastle of Bolton, Lancashire, a partner in the legal firm of Ormrod, Hardcastle & Co., who had married into the Ormrod family. He was succeeded by his brother-in-law James Ormrod. His grandson, Peter Ormrod (d. 1920), married Sarah Emma, a descendant of the Foulkes family of Pen y Bryn.


Scope and content: Deeds of the Pen-y-lan estate, 1679-1889, mainly in Ruabon; estate plans, [c. 1800]-1968; surveys, and sale plans and particulars, 1778-1945; rent books, wage books and accounts, 1872-1943; shooting records, 1877-1933; family settlements, 1801-1910; wills and testamentary papers, 1711-1933, pedigree papers of the Foulkes family of Pen y Bryn, 1829-1907; and photograph albums relating to the Foulkes, Kenrick, Hardcastle and Ormrod families [c. 1875]-1885; accounts, 1897-1898; maps and related items, [c. 1920]-1978; marriage settlements, 1919-1949; and deeds, 1924-1936.


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically into the following:: deeds, estate papers, family papers, legal records and miscellaneous.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Denbighshire Record Office, National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Denbighshire Record Office have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: A large number of early deeds and papers relating to the Pen-y-lan estate were destroyed in the fire which occurred at Cefn Park, Wrexham, the home Roger Keynon, in 1794.

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Major P.C. Ormrod, Pen-y-lan, Ruabon in May 1993, April 1994, and July 1995.


Related units of description: Further papers relating to the Pen-y-lan estate, [c.1800]-1995, are Denbighshire Record Office, DD/PL ADDNL and a rental and valuation, [c.1778] is Denbighshire Record Office, DD/DM/1235.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Guide to collections held at the Denbighshire Record Office (, viewed January 2002.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of description: January 2002



Deeds | Wales | Ruabon

Denbighshire (Wales) | Genealogy

Estate administration | Wales | Denbighshire

Fowling | Wales | Denbighshire

Photograph albums | Wales | Denbighshire

Personal names

Foulkes family, of Pen y Bryn

Hardcastle family, of Bolton

Hardcastle, James, fl. 1854

Kendrick family

Lloyd Kenyon family, of Pen-y-lan

Lloyd family, of Pen-y-lan

Ormrod family, of Pen-y-lan

Corporate names

Pen-y-lan Estate (Wales)