Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office
Administration by Quarter Sessions Records
Reference code(s): GB 0220 Z/QA
Title: Administration by Quarter Sessions Records
Short title: Merionethshire Quarter Sessions, administrative records
Dates of creation: 1817-1973
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: Information to be supplied
Name of creator(s): Merionethshire Court of Quarter Sessions
Administrative and biographical history: The Court of Quarter Sessions in Merionethshire sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. Quarter sessions courts began in Wales after the Acts of Union, 1536-1543. The Quarter Sessions played a major role in the local administration of Merionethshire until the late nineteenth century, when many of its administrative functions were transferred to the County Council. However, the judicial role of the Courts continued until their abolition in 1971. There were numerous administrative matters overseen by the courts, including licensing alehouses, determining wage-levels and controlling registration of charities and nonconformist meeting houses. In addition, the Court had responsibility for overseeing the upkeep of bridges, gaols and houses of correction and the control and prevention of diseases affecting livestock.
Scope and content: Records of Merionethshire Court of Quarter Sessions, 1817-1973, including records relating to licensing, 1817-1973, consisting mainly of recognizances, 1817-1826; minute books of the licensing committee, 1906-1973; compensation case papers, 1907-1922; financial records, 1907-1968; correspondence, 1905-1921; and records relating to diseases of animals, 1866-1871.
ACCESS AND USE
System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Licensing; Diseases of animals; and Lunacy.
Conditions governing access: No restrictions
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.
Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available in Meirionnydd Archives and the National Library of Wales.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Meirionnydd Archives have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Archival history: Records relating to the County Gaol were seperated to form a seperate fonds, Z/QA/G.
Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded
Related units of description: The main Merionethshire Quarter Sessions records are Archifdy Meirionnydd Archives, Z/QS.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Archifdy Meirionnydd Archives, Gweinyddiad Drwy Llys y Chwarter/ Administration by Quarter Sessions, catalogue; Jones, Gareth Elwyn, Modern Wales: A Concise History c.1485-1979 (Cambridge, 1984).
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH
Date(s) of description: November 2004