Gwynedd Archives: Caernarfon Record Office

Solomon Andrews Papers

Reference code(s): GB 0219 XD/28, XS/1853

Held at:

Title: Solomon Andrews Papers

Short title: Andrews, Solomon, papers

Dates of creation: 1749-1985

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: To be supplied

Name of creator(s): Solomon Andrews & Son


Administrative and biographical history: Solomon Andrews (1835-1908) was an entrepreneur. Born in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, by 1851 he was working in Cardiff, Glamorgan, as a baker and confectioner. By the late 19th century, his varied business interests included cabs, omnibuses and trams in Cardiff, Belfast and several English cities, construction, drapery, men's outfitting and other retailing concerns, colliery ownership, and property developments at Penarth, Glamorgan, Pwllheli, Caernarfonshire, and Arthog, Merionethshire. By 1884, his son Francis Emile became a partner in the business, Solomon Andrews & Son. In 1893 Solomon and Francis Emile purchased land at West End, Pwllheli, and began to develop it as a holiday resort. The developments here included a Promenade, roads and houses and the West End Hotel. In 1896, they purchased Glyn-y-weddw mansion and other parts of the Madryn Estate, Llanbedrog, Caernarfonshire. In order to provide the stone required to build at the West End Andrews leased a quarry at Carreg-y-Defaid. The company constructed a tramway which carried the stone and also passengers, until the tracks were taken up by the council in 1928. Entertainment was organised during the summer at the West End, with Fred E. Young being Entertainments Manager from 1899. In 1902 he replaced Thomas Cunningham as Estate Manager, retiring in 1937. The company also owned property in the vicinity of Arthog, Llangelynnin, Merionethshire, including farmland and houses and had interests in the common and marsh in Aberdyfi, Tywyn, Merionethshire.


Scope and content: Records relating to Solomon Andrews & Son's business interests, mainly in Pwllheli, Caernarfonshire, and Arthog, Merionethshire, 1749-1985, comprising correspondence relating to Pwllheli, 1864-1970, Arthog, 1889-1957, and Aberdyfi, 1899-1919, the general business in Cardiff, 1854, 1897-1943, and elsewhere, 1898-1933; deeds relating to Barmouth, Dolgellau, Llanegryn, Llangelynnin and Tywyn, Merionethshire, Deneio (including Pwllheli), Llanbedrog, Llannor, and the Madryn and Vaynol estates, Caernarfonshire, 1749-1985; management books, reports, valuations, property lists and other records relating to the management of the Pwllheli and Arthog estates, 1884-1949; financial records relating to Pwllheli, Arthog and elsewhere, 1894-1947; printed material promoting the developments in Pwllheli, 1896-1955; printed books and journals, 1811-1939; newspaper cuttings, 1832-1966; maps, plans and sections relating to Pwllheli and Arthog, 1877-1951; sale catalogues, 1893-1941; and photographs, 1886-[c. 1965], relating mainly to Pwllheli and Solomon Andrews' business interests but also to North Wales generally.


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: correspondence; deeds; management of the estate in North Wales; financial; printed materials re. promoting the North Wales estates of Solomon Andrews; printed books and journals; newspaper cuttings; maps; miscellaneous; additional deposit, April 1980; additional deposit; additional deposit; additional deposit, October 1988; additional papers; additional deposit, August 1991; additional deposit, August 1994 (XD/28): Pwllheli; recreation; other places; and albums (XS/1853).

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Caernarfon Record Office and the National Library of Wales.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected


Related units of description: Further records are in Glamorgan Record Office, Solomon Andrews and Son.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Rhys Jones for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Caernarfon Record Office, Solomon Andrews Papers, catalogue; Caernarfon Record Office, Solomon Andrews Photographs, catalogue; Oriel Plas Glyn-y-Weddw Arts Centre website (, viewed 2 July 2004.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of description: July 2004



Arthog (Wales) | Maps

Deeds | Wales | Gwynedd

Pwllheli (Wales) | Maps

Pwllheli (Wales) | Photographs

Seaside resorts | Wales | Pwllheli

Solomon Andrews and Son | Archives

Wales, North | Photographs

Personal names

Andrews, Francis Emile, 1858-1943

Andrews, Solomon, 1835-1908

Corporate names

Solomon Andrews and Son